listening lab 2020

 

LISTENING LAB  092008200720062005200420 • 03200220 0120

LISTENING LAB 0920

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  Do doctors recommend wheelchairs for children under three?

2.  Who is a professor of mechanical engineering, Galloway or Agriwal?

3.  Why did Galloway decide to modify off-the-shelf toy cars for the kids?

4.  If kids can move around on their own, are they more or less likely to interact with other kids? 

5.  Why do the toy cars make the kids the center of attention? 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Cars for Kids
 
     Kids want to have fun, and playing is important for their development.  But some kids have trouble walking and even crawling.  Since wheelchairs are not recommended for kids under three, these children's movement and social interaction are limited.  Cole Galloway, a physical therapy professor at University of Delaware, wants to make sure that all kids, even kids who have trouble moving on their own, get the chance to move around, play and explore.  
 
     That’s why Galloway partnered with Sunil Agrawal, professor of mechanical engineering at University of Delaware, and together they launched the GoBabyGo project in 2006.  They started by custom building robots to provide mobility to children with crawling and walking problems.  These customized robots were expensive, though, so during a trip to a toy store Galloway got an idea -- to modify off-the-shelf toy race cars. 

   These toy cars now enable kids to be part of the action at home, in the daycare center, and on the playground.  According to Galloway, making it fun is key because play unlocks brain development for the child.  Plus, if the kids can move and play like other kids, then it's more likely that other kids and adults will interact with them.  Besides, the toy cars are cool, so the kids actually become the center of attention.  The increased social interaction will provide an important boost in their cognitive development.  The kids, however, are unaware of all that.  They're too busy having fun.    
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  Do doctors recommend wheelchairs for children under three?

No, they don't.

 

2.  Who is a professor of mechanical engineering, Galloway or Agriwal?

Agriwal is.

 

3.  Why did Galloway decide to modify off-the-shelf toy cars for the kids?

Because custom robots were expensive.

 

4.  If kids can move around on their own, are they more or less likely to interact with other kids?

They are more likely to (interact with other kids).  

 

5.  Why do the toy cars make the kids the center of attention? 

Because the cars are cool.

or  Because the other kids think the cars are cool.

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LISTENING LAB 0820

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  Is Freerice an app or a website?

2.  What do players earn for every correct answer?

3.  Who pays for the rice that is donated through Freerice?

4.  How does Freerice keep shipping costs down?

5.  Besides English, what other subjects can you learn at Freerice?

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Freerice
 
     If you want to improve your English vocabulary, then you should try Freerice.   Freerice is a non-profit website and mobile app that is owned by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).  Freerice accomplishes two goals at once — the site provides useful information to anyone who uses it for free and provides rice to hungry people for free through the WFP. 
 
     How does it work?  Whenever you play an educational game on Freerice, you earn grains of rice.  You earn 10 grains of rice for every correct answer.  The more correct answers you get, the more rice you earn.  All of the rice that is earned by players around the world is then donated to the hungry.

   The rice is paid for by sponsors.  To find out which sponsors are paying for the rice, all you have to do is play the game.  When you get a correct answer, you'll see a sponsor's name at the bottom of your screen.  The donated rice is purchased from the same country in which it is distributed. For instance, rice going to feed the hungry in Cambodia is purchased from farmers in Cambodia.  By purchasing locally, the WFP can not only save on the cost of shipping the rice but also support the local economy.  And that helps feed even more people.
 
   If you aren't interested in English, you can choose another subject, like math, science, geography, or another language.   So there's no excuse not to try it!   You'll learn something, and the rice you donate will make a huge difference to the person who receives it.    
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  Is Freerice an app or a website?

It's both.

2.  What do players earn for every correct answer?

They earn ten grains of rice.

3.  Who pays for the rice that is donated through Freerice?

Sponsors do.

4.  How does Freerice keep shipping costs down?

They keep shipping costs down by purchasing the rice locally.

5.  Besides English, what other subjects can you learn at Freerice?

You can learn math, science, geography or another language.

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LISTENING LAB 0720

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  Who is familiar with "hanafuda"?

2.  When were European playing cards introduced to Japan? 

3.  What was banned, the cards themselves or the card games? 

4.  How are hanafuda different from the old Portuguese cards?

5.  Besides in Japan, where are hanafuda used?

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Hanafuda
 
     In 2015, the cover art of ET PEOPLE! had a hanafuda theme.  Most Japanese are familiar with these cards.  The name literally means "flower cards."  The word “hanafuda” refers to the cards themselves and the games played with them.  And there are many hanafuda games.  Some people say there are as many kinds of games as there are players. 
 
     Hanafuda have an interesting origin.  Playing cards originated in China in the 9th century.  They spread through the Asian continent, and were carried to Egypt.  From there they made their way to Europe in the 14th century.  Along the way, the cards changed again and again.  During the mid-16th century, the European playing cards were introduced to Japan by the Portuguese. 
 
     These Portuguese playing cards and the gambling games they were used for became popular in Japan.  But in the 17th century, the Tokugawa shogunate banned these foreign cards.  While the cards were banned, the games were not, so people were able to get around the law by designing new cards.  Each time a style of card became too popular, it was banned and a new style took its place.  Eventually, the hanafuda were created.  They now look completely different from their Portuguese ancestors. 
 
     Today, hanafuda are popular outside Japan, too.  In Hawaii, the cards are sometimes made larger so that they are easier to hold.  The cards are called hanafuda, but the games sometimes go by different names, like Sakura or Higo-Bana.  In Korea the cards are known as hwatu, but the game is sometimes called Go-Stop.  And in Micronesia, the game is called Hanafuda, but it is a four-person game.  Hanafuda are unique in that everywhere people play with them, the rules and games are different.   
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  Who is familiar with "hanafuda"?

Japanese people are familiar with hanafuda.

 

2.  When were European playing cards introduced to Japan?

 They were introduced during the mid-16th century.

 

3.  What was banned, the cards themselves or the card games?

The cards (themselves) were banned.

4.  How are hanafuda different from the old Portuguese cards?

They look completely different.

 

5.  Besides in Japan, where are hanafuda used?

They are used in Hawaii, Korea and Micronesia.

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LISTENING LAB 0620

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  Did Al Capone get his scars during World War I?

2.  Where did he work before he joined a gang?  

3.  Was he hired as a bouncer or as a bartender?

4.   Who was Galluccio with when he went to the Harvard Inn?  

5.  How did Capone feel about his nickname?

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Al Capone
     That Al Capone's nickname was "Scarface" is well known, but few are familiar with how the gangster got his famous scars.  He didn't get them in a shootout with police or in a fight with other gangsters. And he didn't get them fighting in World War I, as he often told people.  No, he got them in a bar fight over a girl. 
 
     Let's go back to when Alphonse Gabriel Capone was just 14.  He often skipped school and got in trouble. He eventually dropped out of school altogether and tried making an honest living.  He tried working at a candy store, at a bowling alley and at a book bindery.  Deciding that kind of life was not for him, he joined a local gang.  Later, he was recruited to a higher-ranking gang, and when he was 18, he was hired as a bouncer at a mob-owned bar called the Harvard Inn. 
 
     One day, a short gangster named Frank Galluccio came to the Harvard Inn with his girlfriend, Maria, and his sister Lena.  Although Capone was working the door, he kept his eye on Lena all night.  Lena didn't like it and asked her brother to ask him to stop.  Galluccio spoke to Capone, but Capone didn't stop looking at her.  Later, Capone made a rude comment to Lena as she walked by.  Galluccio was furious and demanded an apology. When Capone refused to apologize, a fight broke out.  Since Galluccio was much shorter and smaller than Capone, he pulled out a knife and quickly slashed Capone in the face and neck three times.  Capone went down in a pool of blood.  He was rushed to the hospital and received dozens of stitches.
 
     After Capone recovered from his injuries, Galluccio paid him a large sum of money and Capone agreed never to retaliate against him. Eventually, the two men even worked together.  But Capone's scars never went away.  It is said that he tried to cover them and that he never liked the nickname "Scarface."
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  Did Al Capone get his scars during World War I?

No, he didn't.  He got them in a bar fight.

2.  Where did he work before he joined a gang?  

He worked at a candy store, at a bowling alley and at a book bindery.

 

3.  Was he hired as a bouncer or as a bartender?

He was hired as a bouncer.

 

4.   Who was Galluccio with when he went to the Harvard Inn?  

He was with his girlfriend, Maria, and his sister Lena.

 

5.  How did Capone feel about his nickname? 

He didn't like it.

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LISTENING LAB 0520

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1. How much food is wasted in America?

2.  What percentage of Americans don't have enough to eat?  

3.  What do we call the practice of saving food that would usually go to waste?

4.   Is the rescued food not fit to be eaten or not fit to be sold?  

5.  In the end, who receives the rescued food?

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Food Waste
Americans waste more than 40% of the food that is produced for human consumption. This comes at an annual cost of at least $100 billion. Meanwhile, more than 10% of Americans do not have enough to eat. Food rescue, also called food recovery, is the practice of safely retrieving edible food that would otherwise go to waste and distributing it to those in need.  In most cases, the rescued food is being saved from being thrown into a dumpster. In other cases, volunteers recover food on farms that would normally be plowed under. This recovered food is edible, but often not fit to be sold. For example, products that are at or past their “sell by” dates or are imperfect in any way — a bruised apple or day-old bread — are donated by grocery stores, food vendors, restaurants, and farmers markets. Other times, the food is in perfect condition, but restaurants may have made or ordered too much. Nationwide, numerous food rescue organizations, such as Food Rescue, Feeding America and Hidden Harvest, pick up and deliver this rescued food using refrigerated trucks. They work with local agencies, like food banks, food pantries or soup kitchens, that serve people of low and no income.  These food rescue programs serve a great need because they offer healthy food to the hungry who may not meet the application requirements of state food-assistance programs.    
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  How much food is wasted in America?

Forty percent of the food produced for human consumption is (wasted).

 

2.  What percentage of Americans don't have enough to eat?  

More than 10% of Americans don't (have enough to eat).

 

3.  What do we call the practice of saving food that would usually go to waste?

We call it "food rescue" or "food recovery."

 

4.   Is the rescued food not fit to be eaten or not fit to be sold?  

It's not fit to be sold.

 

5.  In the end, who receives the rescued food?

People who are hungry but may not meet the requirements of state food-assistance programs do.

 

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LISTENING LAB 0420

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1. Does Yunessun have only Japanese-style hot springs baths?

2.  What might kids like to try at Yunessun?   

3.  How many drink-themed baths are mentioned in this article?

4.  Which bath is said to give bathers energy?  

5.  According to this article, what did Cleopatra like to bathe in?

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Hot Springs
Japanese love hot springs, and you'll find traditional spas all over Japan.  But if you want to try something different, Yunessun Spa Resort is the place for you.   Located in the scenic Hakone area, Yunessun offers traditional Japanese onsens, relaxing European-style baths, and exciting water slides and other water attractions.  But what makes Yunessun unique is its drink-themed baths: the Green Tea Spa, the Coffee Spa, the Wine Spa, and the Japanese Sake Spa.   The Green Tea Spa contains real green tea from the foot of the Tanzawa and Hakone mountains.  It is said to contain powerful antioxidants which boost the immune system and are good for the skin. The coffee in the Coffee Spa is made with hot spring water, brewed in pots and poured into the pool barrel by barrel. It is said to help fight fatigue and make the skin radiant. Plus, the aroma of the coffee will also perk you up.  The Wine Spa contains real red wine, which is considered a rejuvenation treatment for the body.  According to the spa guide, Cleopatra loved to bathe in wine!  And the sake in the Japanese Sake Spa is delivered by a constant dripping from a huge cask filled with real Japanese Sake, which is also said to be great for your skin.  And if the baths make you crave the real thing, don't worry, there are many restaurants to choose from, and you can buy souvenirs and gifts in the Mio Mall.   
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1. Does Yunessun have only Japanese-style hot springs baths?

No, it doesn't. /  No, they don't.

 

2.  What might kids like to try at Yunessun?   

They might like to try the water slides and other attractions. 

 

3.  How many drink-themed baths are mentioned in this article?

Four (drink-themed baths) are mentioned.

 

4.  Which bath is said to give bathers energy?  
The Coffee Spa is (said to give bathers energy). 

 

5.  According to this article, what did Cleopatra like to bathe in?

She liked to bathe in wine.

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LISTENING LAB 0320

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1. Do cats have just one set of whiskers? 

2.  Can cats feel it if you touch their whiskers?   

3.  What allows cats to move their whiskers? 

4.  What will make a cat get disoriented and scared?  

5.  If a cat's whiskers are pressed back, is the cat curious or nervous? 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

Cats' Whiskers
     Look at any drawing of a cat and you'll see whiskers on his upper lip.  But if you look closer at a real cat, you'll see smaller sets of whiskers in the eyebrow area, along the chin, and near the feet.  These whiskers aren't just cute.  They serve an important function.
   Each whisker is supersensitive, and each comes out of a follicle, which is a sac that holds the hair.  These follicles are deep and have lots of nerve endings which send messages to the brain that help the cat judge distance and space.  And these whiskers are controlled by a complex set of muscles.  Together, the whiskers, muscles and nerves work like a GPS and radar system for the cat.  Thanks to his whiskers, a cat can detect what’s around him.  In fact, even a blind cat is able to navigate rooms very well.  That's why you should never cut a cat's whiskers.  A cat with cut whiskers is like a person wearing a blindfold, and he will get disoriented and scared.
 
   The cat's whiskers can also send us humans messages.  For example, when the whiskers are sticking straight out from the sides of the cat's head, we know he is relaxed.  When the cat's whiskers are pressed forward, we know he is curious or in hunting mode.  And when the whiskers are pressed back toward the face, he is nervous or upset. So the next time you see a cat, take a good look at his whiskers.  You might save yourself from getting scratched.       
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1. Do cats have just one set of whiskers?

No, they don't.  

 

2.  Can cats feel it if you touch their whiskers? 

Yes, they can.  

 

3.  What allows cats to move their whiskers? 

A complex set of muscles does.

 

4.  What will make a cat get disoriented and scared?

Cutting the cat's whiskers will.  

 

5.  If a cat's whiskers are pressed back, is the cat curious or nervous?

The cat is nervous. 

 

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LISTENING LAB 0220

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  How many underwater hotels are there in the US?

2.  When and where was the lodge originally built?

3.  How do guests get to the lodge?

4.  What can guests have delivered to the lodge?

5.  How many people can the lodge accommodate?

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

An Underwater Hotel
 
     Hotels above ground are a dime a dozen, but if you're looking for a truly unique vacation experience, then dive into an underwater hotel.  Jules' Undersea Lodge was one of the world's first underwater hotels, and it is the only one in the U.S.  It was originally built in the early 1970s as a research lab off the coast of Puerto Rico, but it was relocated to Key Largo, Florida, and has been offering rooms to guests since 1986.  If you are not a diver, you'll have to learn to scuba dive before you can enter the hotel, as the hotel's entrance is 21 feet under the water on the sea floor. When you enter through an opening in the bottom of the lodge, you feel like you've entered a secret, underwater clubhouse.  The lodge is small, but it is quite comfortable. In fact, it has hot showers, air-conditioning, and cozy beds.  If you're hungry, don't worry.  The lodge has a fully-stocked kitchen, complete with microwave and fridge, and you can get pizza delivered from a local Italian restaurant. For your entertainment, the lodge has books, music, videos and, believe it or not, wi-fi!  Not that you will get bored there.  The lodge offers an awesome view of the ocean, and certified divers can take advantage of unlimited diving. Jules' Undersea Lodge offers packages for singles, couples and groups of up to six people.  They also offer wedding packages. And for those who can't stay for the night, Jules' offers a three-hour visit that includes lunch. For more information, check out their website at www.jul.com.
 
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  How many underwater hotels are there in the US?

There is only one.

 

2.  When and where was the lodge originally built?

It was built in the early 1970s off the coast of Puerto Rico.

 

3.  How do guests get to the lodge?

The dive to get there.

 

4.  What can guests have delivered to the lodge?

They can have pizza delivered.

 

5.  How many people can the lodge accommodate?

It can accommodate up to six people.

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LISTENING LAB 0120

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  What does MOBA stand for? 

2.  What is one of the curator's criteria for choosing works for the museum?

3.  How many galleries are there and where are they located?  

4.   How many pieces of art can be shown at once?

5.  What did The Times of London say about MOBA? 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

MOBA
 
     If you love art, you are surely familiar with many of the world's most celebrated artists, such as da Vinci, Monet, and Picasso.  You may have even visited great museums like the Louvre in Paris or New York's MoMA.  But I'll bet few of you know about a unique gallery in the Boston area called MOBA.  MOBA stands for the Museum of Bad Art.  Established in 1994, it is a privately owned museum whose stated aim is "to celebrate the labor of artists whose work would be displayed and appreciated in no other forum."  But that doesn't mean just any bad piece will be accepted.  When choosing which works to include, the museum curator has two criteria -- the work must not be boring and the artist's intent must be sincere.  Each painting or sculpture is presented with a descriptive narrative which includes the name of the artist, the medium used, the size of the piece, a description of how the piece was acquired, and an analysis of the work's possible intention or symbolism. MOBA maintains a website as well as three galleries, all in the Boston, MA, area.  MOBA's collection is made up of about 600 pieces, but due to limited exhibition space, only about 50 to 70 are shown at a time.  MOBA has received quite a bit of media attention, and The Times of London has recognized MOBA as one of the 50 greatest museums in the world.  MOBA has even inspired an event halfway around the world called MOPBA (the Museum of Particularly Bad Art) held annually in Melbourne, Australia.
 
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  What does MOBA stand for? 

It stands for the Museum of Bad Art.

 

2.  What is one of the curator's criteria for choosing works for the museum?

One (of the criteria) is that the work must not be boring.

or  One (of the criteria) is that the artist's intent must be sincere.

 

3.  How many galleries are there and where are they located?

There are three galleries, and they are in the Boston area.   

 

4.   How many pieces of art can be shown at once?

Only 50 to 70 pieces of art can be shown at once.

5.  What did The Times of London say about MOBA? 

The Times of London said that it is one of the 50 greatest museums in the world.

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