listening lab 1216

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.   Is the custom of making New Year's resolutions a modern idea?

 

2.  Who did the ancient Babylonians make promises to?

 

3.  What did the god Janus look like?

 

4.  In the U.S., what percentage of people make New Year's resolutions?

 

5.   What is one resolution that the author suggests?

 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

 

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
 

 

     Have you made any New Year's resolutions?  Perhaps you've vowed to finally quit smoking or stop procrastinating.  Or maybe you've pledged to eat a healthy diet or go to the gym regularly.  Or maybe you've promised yourself that you'll finally save up enough money for that trip to Italy.  Well, if you have made such a pledge, you are not alone.  Millions of people make New Year's resolutions, and we humans have been doing it for thousands of years.   

 

     The ancient Babylonians are said to have been the first people to make New Year’s resolutions.  That was about 4,000 years ago. In honor of the new year, which was in spring, they held celebrations and made promises to the gods. They promised to pay their debts and return any objects they had borrowed. They believed that if they kept their promises, the gods would be good to them.  


     In ancient Rome, the people had a similar practice.  Around 46 B.C., January 1 was set as the first day of the year. January was named after the god Janus, who had two faces.  This symbolized looking forward to the coming year and looking back on the previous year.  Like the Babylonians, people in Rome promised their gods that they would change their behavior for the better.

 

     These days New Year’s resolutions are not a religious practice. People make promises to themselves rather than to gods.  According to a recent poll, only about half of Americans make New Year's resolutions.  Of these, more than 90 percent break them within the first three months of the year.  Why is it so hard to keep a promise we make to ourselves? Perhaps because resolutions usually focus on changing bad habits, and habits are hard to break.

 

    So this year, if you want to keep your resolutions, try something different.  Don't vow to lose weight or stop wasting time.  Give yourself goals that will improve your life and be enjoyable at the same time.  Need a few suggestions?  Vow to be kinder to people. Promise to spend more time with your family. Pledge to read more or listen to music more often.  Commit to keeping a gratitude journal. Those are just a few.  Can you think of any other resolutions you might actually want to keep?

 

  

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

  1. Is the custom of making New Year's resolutions a modern idea?

No, it isn't.

 

2.  Who did the ancient Babylonians make promises to?

They made promises to the gods.

 

3.  What did the god Janus look like?

He had two faces, one looking forward and one looking backward.

 

4.  In the U.S., what percentage of people make New Year's resolutions?

About 50% of them do.

 

5.   What is one resolution that the author suggests?

The author suggests being kinder to people.

The author suggests spending more time with family.

The author suggests reading more.

The author suggests listening to music more.

The author suggests keeping a gratitude journal.

 

 

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