listening lab 1117

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  What are hedgehogs often confused with?    

 

2.  Are hedgehogs active during the day or at night?    

 

3.  Generally which is bigger, a hedgehog or a porcupine?    

 

4.  Are hedgehogs carnivores or herbivores?    

 

5.  What does the author say about hedgehog cafes?

 
 
Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

 

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

     Most animal lovers agree hedgehogs are adorable.  In Japan, they are called "harinezumi," and there are cafes where customers can pet them and pet shops that sell them.  But is making a hedgehog into a pet a good idea?     
 
     Before we answer that, let's talk about what hedgehogs are exactly.  Hedgehogs are small, prickly mammals that are often confused with porcupines.  The two animals are unrelated, but they do have a few similarities.  Both are nocturnal, which means they are active at night and sleep during the day.  Both have sharp, needle-like quills that they use for protection.  And both have names that derive from "pig."  "Porcupine" comes from the Latin "porcus" meaning "pig" and "spina" meaning "thorn."  And "hedgehog" comes from the late Middle English "hedge,"  which is the animal's habitat, and "hog," which means "pig," because it has a piglike snout.   

     The two animals differ in most other ways.  Take size, for instance.  Hedgehogs are quite small, usually between 140 grams and 1,500 grams, while porcupines come in various sizes and can grow to weigh over 25 kilograms.   And the way they use their quills is different, too.  Hedgehogs have short quills that do not detach easily.  When they feel like they are under attack, they curl up in a ball to protect their soft underbelly and face.  Porcupines, on the other hand, arch their backs to make their long quills stick up.  They also swing their tails around to hit their attacker, and their quills can easily detach and remain stuck in their predator.  And their diets are completely different.  Hedgehogs are carnivores that eat slugs, insects, centipedes, worms, mice, frogs and even small snakes. They tend to stay on the ground.   Porcupines are herbivores, so they eat fruit, leaves, grass, and other plants.  They use their tails to help them climb trees. 
 
     Now that you know a little more about these animals, let's get back to the main question:  Is it a good idea to make them into pets?  Well, it's probably a bad idea to make any wild animal into a pet.  And you can imagine how dangerous living with a porcupine would be.  But what about the adorable, little hedgehogs?  Since they are nocturnal animals, it's very stressful for them to be in the bright lights of a cafe during the day.  That's why they tend to curl up in a protective ball.  What we think is so cute is actually the animal in defense mode.   So if you really love hedgehogs, you should not support the cafes and pet shops. 
 

  

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  What are hedgehogs often confused with?

They're often confused with porcupines.    

 

2.  Are hedgehogs active during the day or at night?

They are active at night.    

 

3.  Generally which is bigger, a hedgehog or a porcupine?

A porcupine is bigger.    

 

4.  Are hedgehogs carnivores or herbivores?

They are carnivores.    

 

5.  What does the author say about hedgehog cafes?

You shouldn't support them if you care about hedgehogs. 

 

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