listening lab 1116

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.   When did the early settlers arrive in Massachusetts?

 

2.  What did the Wampanoag teach the settlers to do?

 

3.  Who made Thanksgiving Day a national holiday, Washington or Lincoln?

 

4.  Why are people able to visit their relatives for Thanksgiving Day?

 

5.  What do many families do before they begin their Thanksgiving Day meal?

 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
Listening Lab - page 10
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Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。

 

     It's November, and that means that Americans will soon be celebrating Thanksgiving Day, a national holiday which dates back to 1621, the year after the early settlers arrived in Massachusetts.  During their first winter in the New World, nearly half of these settlers died.  Those who survived were helped by neighboring Native Americans, the Wampanoag, who taught them how to plant corn and other crops.  In the fall, the settlers and Wampanoag celebrated together by holding a three-day feast to give thanks for their plentiful harvest.  

 

     A thanksgiving feast was held on and off from the time of George Washington, but Thanksgiving officially became a national holiday in 1863.  That's when President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November as a national day of thanksgiving.  Later President Franklin Roosevelt decided that Thanksgiving Day should always be celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November, never the fifth, so that the Christmas shopping season would be longer.  


     These days, many people take the Friday after Thanksgiving off, too, and that gives them a four-day weekend. That's enough time for people to drive or fly home to see their moms and dads or grandmas and grandpas.  In fact, the days before and after Thanksgiving are some of the busiest travel days of the year.

 

     Once family gathers, they sit down for a feast.  Thanksgiving dinner usually includes roast turkey, cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes, sweet potatoes, and pumpkin pie. But because Americans have different family backgrounds, some families may serve their own traditional foods. Many families pause in silence or say a prayer out loud before the meal to give thanks for the food they are about to eat and for the chance to spend time with their families. . 

 

  

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

  1. When did the early settlers arrive in Massachusetts?

They arrived in 1620.

 

2.  What did the Wampanoag teach the settlers to do?

They taught them to grow corn and other crops.

 

3.  Who made Thanksgiving Day a national holiday, Washington or Lincoln?

Lincoln did. / Lincoln made it a national holiday.

 

4.  Why are people able to visit their relatives for Thanksgiving Day?

Because they have four days off.

 

5.  What do many families do before they begin eating their Thanksgiving Day meal?

They pause in silence or say a prayer out loud.

 

 

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