listening lab 0916

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  When did Tasmanian devils disappear from mainland Australia?

 

2.  How are Tasmanian devils different from kangaroos and koalas?

 

3.  What sound do Tasmanian devils make?

 

4.  Are wild Tasmanian devils most active at night or during the day?

 

5.  Are Tasmanian devils being killed by a predator or by a disease?

 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

 

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。

Tasmania is a large island just south of Australia, and it's where Tasmanian devils live.  In fact, that's the only place where wild Tasmanian devils are found.  Fossils show that Tasmanian devils once lived on mainland Australia, but they became extinct on the mainland some 400 years ago.

 

Tasmanian devils are marsupials.  That means that the mothers carry their young, which are about the size of a raisin when they're first born, in a pouch on their belly like kangaroos and koalas do.  But unlike kangaroos and koalas, Tasmanian devils are carnivorous. They survive on small prey and frequently feast on carrion, or animals that are already dead.  In fact, they are the largest meat-eating marsupials in the world.  Adult Tasmanian devils usually weigh about 6 to 8 kilograms.  They may look cute, but they have sharp teeth and extremely strong jaws, and they can be very fierce. This aggressiveness coupled with their frightening screams led early European settlers to call them devils.
 
In the wild, Tasmanian devils are nocturnal animals. They spend their days alone in hollow logs, caves, or burrows, away from the hot sun.  The come out at night to hunt and feed. Their excellent sense of smell and sight helps them avoid predators and locate prey and carrion. They have a big appetite and consume all parts of an animal, including hair, organs, and bones.
 
Since the mid-1990s, thousands of Tasmanian devils have died from a devastating cancer called devil facial tumor disease (DFTD). It causes lumps to form around the animal's mouth and head.  Tasmanian devils who get DFTD have trouble eating because of it.  This form of cancer is unusual because it's contagious, meaning it can spread from animal to animal.  Scientists are in a hurry to stop this disease before it kills all of the Tasmanian devils.  To ensure the survival of the species, some cancer-free Tasmanian devils have been moved to a disease-free island. 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

  1.  When did Tasmanian devils disappear from mainland Australia?

They disappeared from the mainland about 400 years ago.

 

2.  How are Tasmanian devils different from kangaroos and koalas?

They eat meat. / They are carnivorous.

 

3.  What sound do Tasmanian devils make?

They make a frightening screaming sound. / They have a frightening scream.

 

4.  Are wild Tasmanian devils most active at night or during the day?

They are most active at night. / They are nocturnal.

 

5.  Are Tasmanian devils being killed by a predator or by a disease?

They're being killed by a disease.

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