listening lab 0619

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.   Is the urge to scratch after seeing someone else scratch called "eczema" or "contagious itching"?

 

2.  Does scratching provide permanent or temporary relief?

 

3.  Does the body release serotonin in response to an itch or in response to the pain from scratching?

 

4.  Does a cold compress help stop itching or cause itching?

 

5.  Can scratching too much cause infections or numbness? 

 
Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

 

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
   

 

ITCHING
 Did you know that your skin is the only part of your body that can itch?  So when we say, "my eye itches" we really mean the skin around the eye itches. Our skin can itch for all sorts of reasons.  Mosquito bites, poison ivy, chicken pox, eczema, psoriasis, allergies, and sweating can make us itch.  There's even something called "contagious itching."  That's when just seeing someone else scratch makes us itch!  
 
Whatever the cause, our natural response to itching is to scratch.  That's because itching is a protective response to a possible threat, like a dangerous insect or a parasite. The skin's itching causes us to brush away the possible offender.  However any relief we get from scratching is short-lived, and often we scratch too much, which just makes the problem much worse.
 
Why do we scratch too much? First, let's understand what happens when we scratch.  At first, it feels good. That's because scratching triggers mild pain in your skin. Then, nerve cells tell your brain that something hurts, and that distracts your brain from the itching sensation. You feel better temporarily.  At some point, the pain from scratching makes your body release the pain-fighting chemical serotonin. That is well-known as a feel-good chemical, but it has been found to make itches feel even itchier. The result is that  the more you scratch, the more you itch. And the more you itch, the more you scratch. 
 
What can you do break this cycle?  The most important thing is to avoid things that make you itch whenever possible.  These triggers are different for everyone. Avoid wool clothing if it makes you itch. Change your cleaning products if they bother you. If your skin is itchy because of dryness, avoid hot showers and be sure to moisturize often.  And while you can't avoid sweating, you can take a cool shower afterwards.  Speaking of cool, that's another trick — put a cold compress on the itchy spot.  If your itchiness is caused by a medical problem like eczema or psoriasis, work with your doctor to control it. +++But what if you can’t take it and you simply must stop that itch?  Try not to use your fingernails. Instead, rub, pat, tap, or gently pinch your skin. Remember, scratching can lead to wounds, infections and scarring, so don't scratch that  itch!
    
 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

1.   Is the urge to scratch after seeing someone else scratch called "eczema" or "contagious itching"?  

It's called "contagious itching."

 

2.  Does scratching provide permanent or temporary relief?

It provides temporary relief.

 

3.  Does the body release serotonin in response to an itch or in response to the pain from scratching?

It releases serotonin in response to the pain from scratching.

 

4.  Does a cold compress help stop itching or cause itching?

It helps stop itching.

 

5.  Can scratching too much cause infections or numbness?

It can cause infections.

*numbness = 無感覚

 

 

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