listening lab 0517

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1.  How many people died due to superbugs in the US every year? 

 

2.  What kind of bacteria can turn into a superbug? 

 

3.  What is one way in which people misuse antibiotics?  

 

4.  What is one thing that can increase your risk of developing a superbug? 

 

5. What are doctors worried about ​

 

 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
 
Listening Lab - page 10
00:00 / 00:00

 

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。
 
      The term "superbug" is in the news a lot these days.  That's because, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), about 2 million people get sick from a superbug and about 23,000 die in the US every year.  Hearing that, many people might imagine that a superbug is some kind of new monster bacteria that is so powerful it can kill us.  But that's not really what a superbug is.  In fact, there is no clear definition of "superbug," because it's not a technical term used by doctors, but basically it is a bacteria that has become resistant to one or more of the drugs usually used to treat it.  And what many people don't understand is that any species of bacteria can turn into a superbug.  

   How does this happen? The CDC says that misusing antibiotics is the main factor that causes superbugs to develop.  One form of misuse is taking antibiotics when you don't need them.  Doctors report that patients often ask for antibiotics when they are not needed or when they are not even effective, like when someone has a cold or a viral sinus infection.  Another form of misuse is not finishing the full prescription.  Patients themselves report that they often stop taking their antibiotics when they begin to feel better.  We need to stop this misuse. 
 
    So, who is at risk of a superbug infection?  Everyone, but some people are more at risk than others.  For instance, the more antibiotics you’ve taken in your lifetime, the higher your superbug risk is.  And people who frequently spend time in the hospital have a much higher superbug risk.   
 
   Doctors are extremely worried that eventually they will run out of antibiotics to treat these superbugs.  And without antibiotics, doctors will be unable to do even basic things to help their patients. These drugs prevent infection whenever someone has surgery, for example, and they are essential for everything from chemotherapy for cancer to organ transplants to giving birth in order to prevent infection.  If antibiotics become ineffective, we will lose the medical advances we have made in the last  50 years.  

  

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1.  How many people died due to superbugs in the US every year?

About  23,000 people do.

 

2.  What kind of bacteria can turn into a superbug?

Any kind of bacteria can.  

 

3.  What is one way in which people misuse antibiotics?

They take them when they don't need them.

They don't finish their full prescription. 

 

4.  What is one thing that can increase your risk of developing a superbug? 

Taking antibiotics many times can increase your risk.

Spending time in the hospital frequently can increase your risk.

 

5. What are doctors worried about?

They are worried that we will run out of antibiotics to fight bad bacteria.

 

 

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