listening lab 0516

 

Step 1: Read the questions below.

質問を読んでください。

 

1. When did Fosbury win an Olympic gold medal?

 

2. What jumping technique hadn't been invented yet?

 

3. Why did he begin experimenting with his own methods?

 

4. What happened when he tried the back-first technique?

 

5. What happened that made the Fosbury Flop possible?

 

Step 2:  Listen to the audio and try to answer the questions.
オーディオを聞いて、 質問に答えて見て下さい。
Listening Lab - page 12
00:00 / 00:00

 

Step 3:  Listen again while you read the article.

記事を読みながら、もう一度聞いてみてください。

 

 

Dick Fosbury is a retired high jumper. He is famous for winning a gold medal at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, Mexico. But he wasn't always a successful high jumper. In the early 1960s, when he was a sophomore at Medford High School in Oregon, Fosbury wanted to participate in the high jump portion of track and field competitions, but he failed to clear the 1.5 meter height required to qualify for high school track meets.

 

At the time, Fosbury wasn't using the "back-first" technique that we are all familiar with. Why not? Because it hadn't been invented yet. So he tried the standard methods of the day, the "straddle" method and the "upright scissors" method. When using the straddle method, the jumper passes over the bar with his face down and legs straddling it. Unfortunately, no matter how hard Fosbury tried, he could not make it over the bar at any great height. So he began experimenting with the upright scissors technique. When a jumper uses this technique, one leg remains straight and swings over the bar, and the other leg is swung up over the bar once the jumper crosses it. Again, Fosbury had no success with this technique.

 

Since neither of the standard methods worked for him, Fosbury began experimenting with his own techniques. With one, he managed to achieve greater heights than he could with any other methods. His "back-first" method was new, and there was a very good reason that other jumpers hadn't tried it yet – going over the bar headfirst and backwards meant that the jumper would land on his back on a surface made up of sand, sawdust, or woodchips, risking injury. Fortunately for Fosbury, just prior to his junior year, his school replaced its wood chip filled landing area with foam rubber padding. That change made his record breaking technique possible. And his "back-first" method, now known as the Fosbury Flop, has been adopted by almost all high jumpers today. 

 

Step 4:  Check your answers.

答えをチェックしてください。

 

1. When did Fosbury win an Olympic gold medal?

He won a gold medal in 1968.

 

2. What jumping technique hadn't been invented yet?

The "back-first" technique hadn't been invented yet.

 

3. Why did he begin experimenting with his own methods?

Because he had no success with the other methods.

 

4. What happened when he tried the back-first technique?

He managed to achieve greater heights than he could with any other methods.

 

5. What happened that made the Fosbury Flop possible?

His school replaced its wood chip filled landing area with foam rubber padding

 

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